A rare manuscript map of the Holy Roman Empire.
anon.: Deß Heil. Röm. Reichs X Kraiß Alß Nemblichen 1. der Burgundische. 2. Westphaelische 3. Niderrheinisch 4. Oberrheinisch 5. Fränkisch 6. Schbäbisch 7. Bäyrisch 8. Österreichisch 9. Obersäxisch 10. Nidersäxischer.
watercolour on thick laid paper; 2 sheets joined; watermarked. overall size 59 x 62 cm. folds as issued; some printer’s creases; some restoration, ie reinforced paper folds; small cracks in folds; a few small wormholes; hand written annotation top right corner; o/w vg cond.
A spectacular and rare manuscript of the Holy Roman Empire by unknown hand. The map covers the area from The Netherlands and France to Poland, Czech Republic and Austria, and Westphalia and Lower Saxony to Switzerland, Italy with the Gulf of Venice and Hungary. The title is in a banner style cartouche at the bottom of the map. At the bottom of the page is a 10 point legend, identifying the various circles (Kreiss) as well as the 13 main cities in Europe (’die Vornembsten Stött In Europe’) though not identified on the map.
It has been suggested that this is an educational map, possibly prepared by a teacher for the students of a military school which would explain the use of fortress like symbols to mark towns. - The date of the map is placed at around 1680 as Franche Comte is already part of France (1678).
The Holy Roman Empire was a union of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806. The largest territory of the empire after 962 was the Kingdom of Germany, though it also came to include the Kingdom of Bohemia, the Kingdom of Burgundy, the Kingdom of Italy, and numerous other territories.
[ref: 3042] £3,500