Ptolemy/Fries: Turkey, Cyprus: Tabu. Nova Asiae Mi.
Melchior & Gaspar Treschsel Lyon 1535
woodcut map with modern hand colouring; image size 30 x 38 cm (incl. title banner)
A beautiful example of this early and desirable Ptolemaic map of modern Turkey and the Middle East with Cyprus. There is good detail of place names along the shoreline with the interior limited to a few rivers, mountain ranges, a lake, and a king seated on his throne. Title above the map is in a fancy banner-style cartouche. On verso is Latin text, some very fine architectural woodcut illustrations attributed to Hans Holbein of Basel, and the title "de Mahometo et Turcarum Origine et moribus." - What makes this map rather ‘quirky’ are the contemporary hand written annotations in ink which are confined to the margins.
This map is from the atlas ‘Claudii Ptolemaei Alexandrini Geographicae…’, re-issued by Lorenz Fries (c1490-c1531) with reduced maps by Waldseemuller. Born in Alsace, he studied medicine, apparently spending time at the universities of Pavia, Piacenza, Montpellier and Vienna. After completing his education, Fries worked as a physician in several places, before settling in Strassburg, in about 1519.
Claudius Ptolemy was a mathematician, astronomer and geographer who worked in Alexandria, then a part of the Roman Empire, in the 2nd century AD. One of the most learned and influential men of his time, his theories dominated both astronomy and geography for nearly 1500 years. His writings were kept alive by Arabic scholars during the Middle Ages and reemerged in Europe during the Renaissance. The birth of printing led to wide dissemination of his great works on astronomy and geography. There were a number of editions of his Geographia beginning in 1477. These early editions contained maps based on his original writings, known as Ptolemaic maps. As geographic knowledge increased with the explorations of Columbus, Magellan, Cabot and others, maps of the New World were added, and maps of the Old World were revised. Ptolemy's Geographia continued to be revised and published by some of the most important cartographers including Martin Waldseemuller, Sebastian Munster, Giacomo Gastaldi, Jodocus Hondius, and Gerard Mercator (whose last edition was published in 1730).
fold as issued; 2 small worm holes; paper cream coloured; some spots and soiling in margins; marginal annotations; slight off-set; on verso: colour off-set; o/w exc. cond.
[ref: 2850 ]